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Read the daily quote from Pope Francis


Nave Window 1

The Series begins here on the right side of the Church closest to the baptismal font.  This window tells the story of the condemnation of Arius by the Council of Nicea in 325 A.D.  In reply to Arius' false teaching that Christ was the first creature created by the Father, the Council defined the fact that the Son is "of one substance with the Father." (translation of Latin phrase.)

The union of Father and Son is represented as simply as possible in order to indicate that the union is one of substance, i.e. that the Son is God and of the same substance as the Father.  The two heads, representing the Father and the Son, are joined and are placed in the symbols Alpha and Omega.  These symbols, the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, traditionally stand for God as the beginning and end of all, Who is eternal.

That Christ is one with the Father is also brought out by the union of the two hands.  Christ as man was indeed crucified, but as God He is one with the Father.  The nail does not pierce the hand of the Father for only Christ in His human nature was crucified.

The Holy Spirit is introduced into this picture because the Blessed Trinity is indivisible, though the emphasis here remains on the unity in substance of the Father and Son.  

In a square below the medallion one finds the eagle symbol of the Evangelist St. John.  One of the  Evangelists appears on each of the first four windows because in Church History the First Four Councils have often been equivalated to the Four Gospels.  St. John is particularly appropriate here as his gospel was written to prove that "Jesus is the Son of God."

In the lower panel we note a palace, representing the summer palace of Constantine, who instigated the Council, and in whose palace a Nicea in Bythinia it took place.